Breed Standard

Click this link - Cane Corso AKC Breed Standard

Click this link - Cane Corso FCI Breed Standard

CI-Standard N° 343  / 06. 06. 2007/ GB  

ITALIAN CORSO DOG
(Cane Corso Italiano)                           

TRANSLATION : Dr. Antonio Morsiani, Dr. J.-M. Paschoud and Prof. R. Triquet.
ORIGIN : Italy.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 21.05.2007.
UTILIZATION :Guard-, protection-, police-and tracking dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :  Group 2  
Pinscher and Schnauzer,  Molossian and Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs.

Section       2.1   Molosside breeds, Mastiff  type. Without working trial.

 BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Its direct ancestor is the old Roman Molossian.  Formerly scattered all over Italy, in the recent past, the breed was only prevalent in the Province Apulia and in the adjacent regions of Southern Italy.  His name derives from the Latin « cohors », which means « protector, guardian of the farmyard ».

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium to large-sized.  Robust and sturdy, nevertheless elegant.  Lean, powerful muscles.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The  length of the head reaches 36 % of the height at withers.  The dog is somewhat longer than high.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Guardian of property, family and livestock; extremely agile and responsive.  In the past, it has been used for herding cattle and hunting big game.

HEAD : Large and typically molossoid.  The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle converge slightly.

CRANIAL REGION : 


Skull : Wide; at the zygomatic arches its witdh is equal to or greater than its length.  Convex in front, it becomes fairly flat behind the forehead as far as the occiput.  The medio-frontal furrow is visible.

Stop : Marked.

FACIAL REGION : 

Nose : Black and large with ample, open nostrils, on the same line as the nasal bridge           .

Muzzle : Noticeably shorter than the skull (ratio muzzle : skull approximately 1 : 2).  Strong, square; the front part of the muzzle is flat; the lateral surfaces are parallel; the muzzle is as wide as long.  The profile of the nasal bridge is straight.

Lips : The upper lips hang moderately and cover the mandible, so that the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lips. 

Jaws/Teeth : Jaws very large, thick and curved.  Slightly undershot.  Level bite acceptable, but not sought after.

Eyes : Medium-sized, ovoid, looking directly forward, slightly protruding.  Eyelids close fitting.  Colour of iris as dark as possible, depending from the colour of the coat.  Expression keen and attentive.

Ears : Triangular, drooping, with a wide set on high above the zygomatic arches.  Often cropped in the shape of an equilateral triangle.

NECK : Strong, muscular, as long as the head.

BODY : The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers.  Sturdily built, but not squat.


Withers : Pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.

Back : Rectilinear, very muscular and firm.

Loins : Short and strong.

Croup : Long, wide, slightly inclined.

Chest : Well developed in three dimensions, reaches to the elbow.

TAIL : Set on fairly high; very thick at the root. The tail is docked at the fourth vertebra.  In action carried high, but never curled nor erect.

FOREQUARTERS : 

Shoulders : Long, oblique, very muscular.

Upper arm : Strong.

Forearm : Straight, very strong.

Carpal joint and pasterns : Elastic.

Forefeet : Cat feet.

HINDQUARTERS :

Upper thigh : Long, wide, back line of thigh convex.

Lower thigh : Strong, not fleshy.

Hocks  : Moderately angulated.

Metatarsals : Thick and sinewy.

Hindfeet : Slightly less compact than the forefeet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Long stride, extended trot.  The preferred gait is the trot.

SKIN : Fairly thick, rather close fitting.
COAT 
HAIR : Short, shiny, very dense with a light undercoat.

COLOUR : Black, lead-grey, slate-grey, light grey, light fawn; stag red and dark fawn; brindle (stripes on different shades of fawn or grey); in fawn coloured and brindle dogs the black or grey mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes.  A small white patch on the chest, on the tips of the feet and on the bridge of the nose is acceptable.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :

Height at withers : Males   from 64 to 68 cm,
                           females        from 60 to 64 cm.
                          
Tolerance of 2 cm more or less. 
       
Weight :               Males  from 45 to 50 kg,
                           femalesfrom 40 to 45 kg.


FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SEVERE FAULTS :

·      Axes of muzzle and skull parallel or too converging; lateral surfaces of the muzzle converging.

·      Partial depigmentation of the nose.

·      Scissor bite; pronounced undershot mouth.

·      Ring-tail, tail in vertical position.

·      Permanent amble when trotting.

·      Over-or undersize.

 

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

·      Aggressive or overly shy.

·      Axes of muzzle and skull diverging.

·      Total depigmentation of the nose.

·      Bridge of nose very hollow, rams’s nose.

·      Overshot mouth.

·      Partial or complete palpebral depigmentation.  Wall eye; strabism.

·      Tailless, short tail (docked or not).

·      Semi-long, smooth or fringed hair.

·      All colours not indicated in the standard; large white patches.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

AMERICAN KANNEL CLUB - Cane Corso Breed Standard
Working Group 

General Appearance
Ancient Italian breed medium-large size Molossus Dog. Sturdy, with a strong skeleton. Muscular and athletic, it moves with considerable ease and elegance. It has always been a property watchdog and hunter of difficult game such as the wild boar.

Size Proportion, Substance - Size 
A muscular, balanced, large-boned dog, rectangular in proportion. The length of the dog, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of buttock is approximately 10% greater than the height of the dog measured from the highest point of the shoulder to the ground.
Height: Dogs: 25 to 27.5 inches; bitches: 23.5 to 26 inches.
Weight: Proportionate to height.

Head 
Molossus, large, its total length reaches approximately one third of the height at the withers. Planes of the skull and muzzle are slightly convergent; they are not parallel. The circumference of the head measured at the cheekbones is more than twice the total length of the head; skin is firm and smooth.
Skull: Viewed from the front, skull is wide and slightly curved; width is equal to the length. From the side, a prominent arch begins above the eyes and then flattens backward toward the occiput. Viewed from the top, it has a square appearance due to the zygomatic arches and powerful muscles swathing it.
Stop: Well-defined due to developed and bulging frontal sinuses and prominent arch above the eyes.
Expression: Very alert and attentive. Some wrinkling on forehead occurs when alert.
Eyes: Medium-size, almond-shaped, not round or bulging, tight fitting rims preferred with only a minimal amount of haw being visible. 
Eye Color: Dogs with black muzzles (coat colors of black, fawn or red, and these colors brindled) dark brown eyes are preferred. Gray muzzles (coat colors of gray, fawn or red and these colors brindled), lighter shades are approved. Pigmentation of the eye rims is complete, pigmentation of eye rim matches pigment color of dog. 
Disqualification: Yellow bird of prey; blue eyes.
Ears: Set well above the cheekbones. May be cropped or uncropped. If cropped, it is in an equilateral triangle. If uncropped, they are medium size, triangular in shape, held tight to the cheeks, and not extending beyond the jaw bone. 
Nose: Large with well-opened nostrils, pigment color to match pigment color of the dog. Dogs with black pigment have black noses; gray pigmented dogs have gray noses; pigmentation is complete. The nose is an extension of the topline of the muzzle and does not protrude beyond nor recede behind the front plane of the muzzle.
Muzzle: Very broad and deep, width is almost equal to its length, which reaches approximately one third of the total length of the head; the depth of muzzle is more then 50% of the length of the muzzle. The top and bottom muzzle plains are parallel, and the nose and chin form a perpendicular line. Viewed from the front, the anterior face should look flat and form a trapezoid, wider at the bottom. Muzzle is not overly narrow or snipey. 
Lips: Rather firm. Upper lips moderately hanging, they join under the nostrils to form an inverted "U." Pigmentation matches color pigment of dog. Dogs with black pigment have black lips; gray pigmented dogs have gray lips.
Bite: Slightly undershot (no more than 1/4 inch) and level preferred. Scissor bite is acceptable, if parameters of the head and muzzle are correct. Dentition is complete. Incisors are in a straight line. No more than two missing teeth. 
Disqualification: More than two missing teeth; wry mouth. Undershot more than ¼ inch. 

Neck, Topline, Body 
Neck: Slightly arched, flowing smoothly into the shoulders with a small amount of dewlap. The length of the neck is approximately one third the height at the withers. 
Body: Depth of the ribcage is equal to half the total height of the dog, descending slightly below the elbow. Ribs are long and well sprung. Moderate tuck up. 
Chest: Broad, well-muscled, strong forefront. 
Back: Wide, strong, muscular. Highest part of shoulder blade slightly rising above the strong, level back.
Loin: Well-muscled, and harmoniously joined to the back.
Croup: Long, wide, slightly sloping. Rump should be quite round due to muscling.
Tail: Tail set is an extension of the backline. It is thick at the root with not much tapering at the tip. When not in action, carried low, otherwise horizontal or slightly higher than back, not to be carried in a vertical position. It is docked at the fourth vertebrae. In the case of tails, the tip reaches the hock but not below. Carried low, it is neither broken nor kinked but supple. Hanging when the dog is in repose; generally carried level with the back or slightly above the level of the back when the dog is in action, without curving over the back or being curled.
Disqualification: A tail that is atrophied or a tail that is knotted and laterally deviated or twisted. 

Forequarters
Strong and muscular, well-proportioned to the size of the dog. Straight when viewed from the front or side; height of the limb at the elbow is equal to 50% of the height at the withers.
Shoulders: Muscular, laid back. 
Upper arms: Strongly muscled, with good bone, powerful.
Elbows: Held parallel to the ribcage, turning neither in nor out. 
Forelegs: Straight and with good bone, well muscled. 
Pasterns: Almost straight, strong but flexible. 
Feet: Round with well-arched toes (catlike). Lean, hard, dark pads and nails, except in the case of white toes. Front dewclaws: Can remain or be removed, if left intact should only be a single dewclaw on each leg 

Hindquarters 
As a whole, they are powerful and strong, in harmony with the forequarters. Straight when viewed from the rear or front.
Thighs: Long, wide, angulated and well-muscled.
Stifle: Should be moderately angulated, strong. 
Legs: Strong bone and muscle structure. 
Hocks: Wide set, thick and clean, let down and parallel when viewed from behind. Rear pastern: straight and parallel. 
Rear dewclaws: Any rear dewclaws are removed. 
Hind feet: Slightly more oval-shaped and less-arched toes.

Coat 
The coat is short, stiff, shiny, adherent and dense with a light undercoat that becomes thicker in cold weather.

Color
Acceptable colors are black, lighter and darker shades of gray, lighter and darker shades of fawn, and red. Brindling is allowed on all of these colors. Solid fawn and red, including lighter and darker shades, have a black or gray mask. The mask does not go beyond the eyes. There may be a white patch on the chest, throat, chin, backs of the pasterns, and on the toes.
Disqualification: Any color with tan pattern markings as seen in black-and-tan breeds. 

Gait
The movement is free flowing and powerful, yet effortless, with strong reach and drive. As the dog accelerates, the feet converge toward a center line of gravity in a near-single track. When viewed from the side, the topline remains level, with minimal roll or bounce. 

Temperament 
The Cane Corso as a protector of his property and owners is unequaled. Intelligent, he is easily trained. Noble, majestic and powerful his, presence is impressive. He is docile and affectionate to his owner, loving with children and family. 

Summary 
The overall conformation of the dog should be well-balanced and proportionate.
The foregoing description is that of the ideal Cane Corso; any deviation from the above described dog is penalized to the extent of the deviation.

Disqualifications
Yellow bird of prey; blue eyes.
More than two missing teeth; wry mouth.
Undershot more than ¼ inch.
Any color with tan pattern markings as seen in black-and-tan breeds.
A tail that is atrophied or a tail that is knotted and laterally deviated or twisted.